This Day in History: December 14, 1819
Alabama, The Yellowhammer State; The Heart of Dixie; The Cotton State
Alabama State Motto: “We dare maintain our rights” (Audemus jura nostra defendere)
Buckle up and “Roll Tide” as we journey over vast cotton fields, endless waters, storied football stadiums, and historical landmarks that collectively tell the tale of Sweet Home Alabama. Discover its rich history as we reveal the astronomical discoveries that helped us reach the moon and the civil rights victories that forged a path to equality for millions. The story of the Cotton State has as many dramatic turns as the tracks of the Talladega Superspeedway.
Alabama joined the union as the 22nd state on December 14, 1819. During the first half of the 19th century, cotton and slave labor were central to Alabama’s economy. In the mid-20th century, Alabama was at the center of the American Civil Rights Movement. The capital of Alabama is Montgomery, which was the capital of the Confederacy during the civil war.